Politics 101 for African People in America

Listen Siblings, I come in peace,

“If you don’t have the sense of responsibility to get registered, we’ll move you out of town.”Malcolm X

Vote.  Fannie Lou Hamer took a serious beating, by (imprisoned) African Men no less (see below), in order that you can vote.  Medgar Evers died by assassination–organizing so that you can vote.  And as you vote and as you organize, you will be powerful.  The Trinity of Liberation is Politics, Economics and Culture.  Only the African Blood Siblings empowers as a Political, Economical and Cultural Organization.  Your Membership can make all the difference for African people.  Today, as a people we give away our votes, our money and our culture; but you can make the difference where our votes bring us justice, our money makes us thrive and our culture brings us home. Some amongst us will make noise about African-led Political Parties; but in 2010, I joined several Africans in the United African Movement who attempted to create such a thing.  It takes service, not lip-service–real sacrifice to get things done; some lost $30,000 dollars of their own money–I was twenty-one in 2010 and like other true advocates, I still haven’t recovered from my losses.  Despite our efforts, 45,000 signatures from all parts of New York State, countless hours, travel, money, advertising, the Political Party did not receive the necessary votes.  Political, Economical, Cultural Education and Organization was lacking.  It’s service that will change our race’s fate–service.  Marcus Garvey can not be repeated enough when he said, “You must not mistake lip-service and noise for bravery and service.”   The African Blood Siblings Community Centers are your calling for service.  Write us.  Be Brave.  For voter turnout in America hovers around 50%; organized, you will make a difference.  Subscribe, share, love, VOTE.

Politics 101* for African People in America
By Onitaset Kumat

When you do not understand History, you do not understand Politics–Management. The first female self-made millionaire in America was Madame C. J. Walker. Born in 1867, she made a fortune through Black hair care products, including hair straightening. She made hair care affordable and safe. In 2004, sales in Black hair care products exceeded $1.7 billion without including synthetic and human hair sales. 80% of this market is controlled by Koreans. Why Koreans? Politics.

The Koreans do not even run a safe outfit. The chemicals in their products are causing serious health issues to African consumers. Yet because of Politics and our willing economic empowerment of the Koreans, we are pushed out of and kept from our own industry. It’s government which decides which nations can legally export hair to America and it’s government which decides what can be legally sold to the public. The Koreans used Politics to limit the hair exports into America and legalize their immoral commerce.

Other concerns as well follow from Political Mis-Education. Today, the Prison system is brimming with African people. Partly because African people rarely gain sufficient legal education to navigate the Criminal Justice system that’s always been biased against us. A resistance could be a state-sponsored program designed by African lawyers to teach legal education to African people. Instead the Police, knowing Legal Ignorance, illegally restrain African people, or worse legally incite responses which cause casualties and imprisonment where it could have been avoided. African people with legal knowledge have escaped arrests despite the number of officers confronting them. Meanwhile, at courthouses, our mis-educated youth plead guilty to felonies, volunteering for disenfranchisement and imprisonment.

There’s no doubt that Government can empower its participants. Multi-billionaire Bloomberg, whose polices as Mayor of New York City are examples of mass imprisonment, harassment and mis-education of his significant African constituency, increased his wealth through Government despite a $1 salary. Yet it’s very assured that Government does not empower its non-participants. As Frederick Douglass put it, “Power concedes nothing without a demand. It never has and it never will.” As it were, we African people neglect to make demands, neglect to command leverage, and neglect to exercise in our interests. While Government can empower, it’s non-participants are disempowered, as it’s contending races are empowered to disempower those who abstain from Government.

A Case-In-Point for the Power of Politics goes to the European Jews (a smaller population in America than Africans.) Despite, for instance, being biologically unrelated to the Historical Jews of the Bible (who aren’t us either), the European Jew has convinced the Government and Africans in America to the contrary, where the former produces Pro-Zionist policies and the latter claims sympathies linked with the Bible and a fabricated enslavement by Egyptians; for instance, Ancient Pyramids were not built by slaves but Master Craftspeople. Moreover, the European Jews through Political Power gain national and local holidays, get huge grants from government, have their products, services and stores government-approved and can teach our children the misdeeds in Germany practiced against them in Germany while the earlier, harsher misdeeds of Germany practiced against us in Namibia remains obscure and untaught.

Theirs is a clear example of what Politics can do. Though not because of race bias, but Economics. Our Ancient Ancestors wrote “When the governing class isn’t chosen for quality it is chosen for material wealth: this always means decadence, the lowest stage a society can reach.” We inherently abhor the decadence. Yet this passage from Malcolm X’s Autobiography speaks to where the European Jew’s Economics come from:

I was seeing in real life the same point made in a joke that during the 1964 Presidential campaign Jet magazine reported that Senator Barry Goldwater had told somewhere. It was that a white man, a Negro, and a Jew were given one wish each. The white man asked for securities; the Negro asked for a lot of money; the Jew asked for some imitation jewelry “and that colored boy’s address.”

Whereas our disposable income goes to beautification (imitation hair, jewelery, vehicles, fashion), which is rightly a worthy pursuit, the reality that “Quality” is necessarily race-specific [therefore impossible for a multi-racial government] and the government is malleable makes our lack of economic self-empowerment amongst our worst enemies, as our enthused empowerment of other races further disempowers our economic potential.

As usual, the solution to our race is Organization. But this is under-recognized. As Dr. King put it in criticism, “We fail to give to serious causes and organizations.” The only serious Organization of today is the African Blood Siblings. Unlike other Organizations, we have articulated on the Trinity of Liberation: Politics, Economics and Culture. As such, we are uniquely a Political, Economical and Cultural Organization, empowering us as each.

From this standpoint, and understanding that the majority of African people in America live in a handful of cities, Politically Organized, African people can control, at least, their city Police, their city laws, their city jurisprudence and their city budgets, creating safe havens for African people at home and abroad, all at the minimal cost of regular membership in the African Blood Siblings and/or donations.

For as effective Law Makers, African people can make a difference. The 2013 City Budget for New York City was approved with little noise. New York City’s $71 billion budget was authored by Bloomberg and approved with minimal changes by the 51-member City Council despite the large African presence. These Africans Councilmembers together received less than $100 million, though each should have taken over $10 billion to his or her respective district. These are ineffective Law Makers. One can almost sympathize because James Davis, an African Councilman, was assassinated in City Hall in 2003. But these Africans are not sent to City Council to cower and extend the tenure of an abusive Mayor (elected in 2001); they are sent there to represent us and return our collective contributions to government for our collective development. Yet due our lack of Political, Economical and Cultural Organizations and Education, this abuse has been ongoing.

We can contrast the ineffective Council Members to the African Congressman Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Adam Clayton Powell Jr. began his Congressional career in 1944, when apprehensive Europeans sought to run a European Lawyer against him on the Republican ticket. To avoid this conflict, Adam Clayton Powell Jr. ran for the Republican and Democratic Primaries, winning both, as well as a third-party designation, causing him to run unopposed in the 1944 General Elections (an organized African people can repeat this feat.) Despite the small amount of African Congresspeople, Adam Clayton Powell Jr. went down in history as the most prolific Law Maker in America, using Political Leveraging to get his many Bills passed. What’s more, Adam Clayton Powell Jr. added “The Powell Amendment” to many Laws. “The Powell Amendment” prohibited Federally Funded Institutions from receiving funds if they practiced racial discrimination. In addition, Adam Clayton Powell Jr. was a legislative force in making Lynching a Federal Crime, in challenging Black Disenfranchisement and promoting desegregation.**

Comparably African Council Members hardly Write Laws–they only Vote on them, oftentimes without Political Leveraging and thus without Political Victories. Only Political Organization can promote African Law Makers, as opposed to Law Voters, into Government; and Economical and Cultural Organizations need to assure that Law Maker can be elected and re-elected, as well as beneficial to African people in his or her Law Making. When we think of how much is to gain from Organizing, it’s little wonder why it’s irregular to hear of the merits of Organization in the Mainstream Media.

Fannie Lou Hamer had sacrificed that we can control our own Politics. In her Testimony we see the importance of voting. Let her sacrifice not be in vain. Vote. But understand that Organizing with the African Blood Siblings empowers your vote. You can listen to our Ancestor Fannie Lou Hamer’s Testimony here: http://publicradio.org/tools/media/player/americanradioworks/features/sayitplain/flhamer

Or read below:

Mr. Chairman, and to the Credentials Committee, my name is Mrs. Fannie Lou Hamer, and I live at 626 East Lafayette Street, Ruleville, Mississippi, Sunflower County, the home of Senator James O. Eastland, and Senator Stennis.

It was the 31st of August in 1962 that eighteen of us traveled twenty-six miles to the county courthouse in Indianola to try to register to become first-class citizens.

We was met in Indianola by policemen, Highway Patrolmen, and they only allowed two of us in to take the literacy test at the time. After we had taken this test and started back to Ruleville, we was held up by the City Police and the State Highway Patrolmen and carried back to Indianola where the bus driver was charged that day with driving a bus the wrong color.

After we paid the fine among us, we continued on to Ruleville, and Reverend Jeff Sunny carried me four miles in the rural area where I had worked as a timekeeper and sharecropper for eighteen years. I was met there by my children, who told me that the plantation owner was angry because I had gone down to try to register.

After they told me, my husband came, and said the plantation owner was raising Cain because I had tried to register. Before he quit talking the plantation owner came and said, “Fannie Lou, do you know – did Pap tell you what I said?”

And I said, “Yes, sir.”

He said, “Well I mean that.” He said, “If you don’t go down and withdraw your registration, you will have to leave.” Said, “Then if you go down and withdraw,” said, “you still might have to go because we are not ready for that in Mississippi.”

And I addressed him and told him and said, “I didn’t try to register for you. I tried to register for myself.”

I had to leave that same night.

On the 10th of September 1962, sixteen bullets was fired into the home of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Tucker for me. That same night two girls were shot in Ruleville, Mississippi. Also Mr. Joe McDonald’s house was shot in.

And June the 9th, 1963, I had attended a voter registration workshop; was returning back to Mississippi. Ten of us was traveling by the Continental Trailway bus. When we got to Winona, Mississippi, which is Montgomery County, four of the people got off to use the washroom, and two of the people – to use the restaurant – two of the people wanted to use the washroom.

The four people that had gone in to use the restaurant was ordered out. During this time I was on the bus. But when I looked through the window and saw they had rushed out I got off of the bus to see what had happened. And one of the ladies said, “It was a State Highway Patrolman and a Chief of Police ordered us out.”

I got back on the bus and one of the persons had used the washroom got back on the bus, too.

As soon as I was seated on the bus, I saw when they began to get the five people in a highway patrolman’s car. I stepped off of the bus to see what was happening and somebody screamed from the car that the five workers was in and said, “Get that one there.” When I went to get in the car, when the man told me I was under arrest, he kicked me.

I was carried to the county jail and put in the booking room. They left some of the people in the booking room and began to place us in cells. I was placed in a cell with a young woman called Miss Ivesta Simpson. After I was placed in the cell I began to hear sounds of licks and screams, I could hear the sounds of licks and horrible screams. And I could hear somebody say, “Can you say, ‘yes, sir,’ nigger? Can you say ‘yes, sir’?”

And they would say other horrible names.

She would say, “Yes, I can say ‘yes, sir.'”

“So, well, say it.”

She said, “I don’t know you well enough.”

They beat her, I don’t know how long. And after a while she began to pray, and asked God to have mercy on those people.

And it wasn’t too long before three white men came to my cell. One of these men was a State Highway Patrolman and he asked me where I was from. I told him Ruleville and he said, “We are going to check this.”

They left my cell and it wasn’t too long before they came back. He said, “You are from Ruleville all right,” and he used a curse word. And he said, “We are going to make you wish you was dead.”

I was carried out of that cell into another cell where they had two Negro prisoners. The State Highway Patrolmen ordered the first Negro to take the blackjack.

The first Negro prisoner ordered me, by orders from the State Highway Patrolman, for me to lay down on a bunk bed on my face.

I laid on my face and the first Negro began to beat. I was beat by the first Negro until he was exhausted. I was holding my hands behind me at that time on my left side, because I suffered from polio when I was six years old.

After the first Negro had beat until he was exhausted, the State Highway Patrolman ordered the second Negro to take the blackjack.

The second Negro began to beat and I began to work my feet, and the State Highway Patrolman ordered the first Negro who had beat me to sit on my feet – to keep me from working my feet. I began to scream and one white man got up and began to beat me in my head and tell me to hush.

One white man – my dress had worked up high – he walked over and pulled my dress – I pulled my dress down and he pulled my dress back up.

I was in jail when Medgar Evers was murdered.

All of this is on account of we want to register, to become first-class citizens. And if the Freedom Democratic Party is not seated now, I question America. Is this America, the land of the free and the home of the brave, where we have to sleep with our telephones off the hooks because our lives be threatened daily, because we want to live as decent human beings, in America?

Thank you.

Vote.  For more Information —

— on Fannie Lou Hamer:

http://americanradioworks.publicradio.org/features/sayitplain/flhamer.html

http://www.fannielouhamer.info/

— on Adam Clayton Powell Jr.

http://baic.house.gov/member-profiles/profile.html?intID=33

— on the African Blood Siblings

https://africanbloodsiblings.wordpress.com/2012/04/21/the-introduction-to-african-blood-siblings/

*In many University Systems, courses are labeled by the Department, a Number and a Description.  These numbers are mostly three digit, ranging from 101 to 999.  The “101” (or even “110”) on something then is the Introductory Course in that subject.  These are oftentimes prerequisites for higher courses.

**”Segregation” is not the opposite of “Integration,” “Separation” differing from “Segregation” is. “Segregation” is a system of dependency, where one group depends on another for separate facilities. “Integration” is also a system of dependency, where one group depends on another for the same facilities. “Separation,” alternatively, is a system of independence, where a group independently creates and maintains its own separate facilities. The African Blood Siblings is Ideologically Separatist.

8 thoughts on “Politics 101 for African People in America

  1. I found this blog very informative. I have two questions:
    1. Why do you think council people who represent African-American districts settle for a share of the economic slice of the pie which appears to be blatantly unfair?
    2. Why do you think the African-American community is so complacent?

    Also, I don’t understand what the murder of councilman Davis have to do with these representatives allowing their districts to be shortchanged.

    1. Sister sittinducks,

      I found this blog very informative. I have two questions:

      Thank You! I’ll try to answer both.

      1. Why do you think council people who represent African-American districts settle for a share of the economic slice of the pie which appears to be blatantly unfair?

      In General, we as a people are Dis-Organized (Without Any Organization) but our councilpeople are Mis-Organized (Organized in an Incorrect Organization.) The Political Parties are so powerful because of Party Loyalty. So Democrats Caucus then Agree to Agree. A Black Democrat will vote like a White Democrat. So when a White Democrat approves a Budget, a Black Democrat follows suit. Unfortunately, the Black Democrat, like most of us, is Politically Mis-educated. So like we do not use our votes for any returns, neither does the Black Democrat. In this way a Black Democrat may be better for the Democratic Party than a White Democrat, because he’s loyal without an expectation of compensation (or at best he’s satisfied with a petty compensation: like a $ 100,000 program in a $ 71,000,000,000 budget.)

      Said differently, the Black Councilman doesn’t participate in Politics. In a 51-member Council, there are legislative disputes and laws can be made that 25 would vote one way, and 25 another way, so the last disinterested voter could pledge allegiance to either side that would support his bill. Thus engaging in Politics. Of course, in a realistic setting, it’d be more than one Black person. So, say, 7 Black people demand of two sides of 22, or 24 and 20, support of their bill, or an amendment involving their constituency, or a bigger piece of the economic pie to their people, but it’s not like that.

      NYC’s last budget was written by the Mayor and the WHITE (though Whites are a minority) Council Chairperson and was approved 50-1. The one opponent didn’t engage in Politics, thinking that Law Making is simply voting on laws that come to your attention, rather than writing laws and organizing victories. Of course this is the Parallel with our voting history; so it remains that to answer your question: Political Mis-Education.

      2. Why do you think the African-American community is so complacent?

      It’s Political Mis-Education. When you know better, do better. But when you do not know better, you can not do better. By and by, few of us even know that there’s a city, state or federal budget that we can get on. More, hardly any among us understand that Political Organization is the key to fulfilling a Political Agenda. Not until we are politically organized or educated can it be expected that we’ll be anything beside complacent. “Ignorance is bliss.” We’re taxed and our representatives give that money to the more Politically Educated and Organized.

      Also, I don’t understand what the murder of councilman Davis have to do with these representatives allowing their districts to be shortchanged.

      The European controls through fear. As long as the European can threaten unpunished assassinations–the fearful African behaves as a coward. Part of what allows this is Political Dis-Organization. Because there’s a calculus in any action. In this case it is–is it better to live receiving no justice or die receiving no justice? If we were Politically Organized, at least the murderers would be brought to justice.

      On James Davis, Alton Maddox wrote:

      James Davis was assassinated, nearly five decades later, in City Hall. New York City refused to conduct an autopsy or to convene a grand jury as is required by law. This suggests that this assassination happened with the blessing of City Hall and done with the intent to frighten all Black selected officials. It did.

      — “Is Everything Quiet on the Home Front?”

      Granted, the James Davis situation may not contribute to the Councilperson’s resolve or may be used as a scapegoat. But it stands within reason that Politicians and Political figures fear assassination and that fear can affect even the educated.

      I hope that this satisfactory.

      1. Brother Oni
        Yes, this answered my question satisfactorily. I have a few more questions.
        1. How can a people become politically educated?
        2. What do you think was the difference between a fearless Adam Clayton Powell and the cowardly representatives today?
        3. Being White people, isn’t it possible that Jews even with their much smaller population, are not hindered nearly as much as Blacks? Would they have ever suffered a destruction such as “Black Wallstreet”? It seems the system is much more organized against Africans.

      2. Brother Oni
        Yes, this answered my question satisfactorily. I have a few more questions.

        Thanks again, Sister sittinducks. I’ll try again.

        1. How can a people become politically educated?

        Unfortunately, as we read earlier, “Physical consciousness is indispensable for the achievement of knowledge.”

        Education is Training. A Political Organization would need to train a people to be Politically Educated. Unfortunately, with respect to Political Organization, as much as the duties are influencing the Budget, influencing law making, and influencing which candidates are elected, African people generally do not have Political Organizations.

        So, as another proverb goes, “By knowing one reaches belief. By doing one gains conviction. When you know, dare.” By infrastructure, ‘education’ will grant belief, but not bravery. For example, one can know to register a proportion of the race as Republican and another proportion as Democrat to elect the same candidate for both Primaries, however if there’s no Organization that can influence registrations and voting habits, knowing how to make someone win an election or make someone lose an election (which can be leverage to make an Political Agenda manifest) won’t be enough to advance our agenda.

        In essence, Political Education comes from Political Organization. It needs to start small, but Political Successes for a Political Agenda can expand it. A local Political Organization should keep in contact with African people and get from them a loyal voting habit so that it will have leverage to influence elections and fire or hire Politicians; also it needs to keep in contact with a local Politician to pressure them to assert our Political Agendas.

        It’s important to note that the Political Parties are themselves Political Organizations, that by ‘brand loyalty’ and campaign funds influence who is elected toward their Political Agenda. Some people are loyal to the Political Parties for nothing (us), others–to be included in the Budget, in the beneficiary Laws and in the advocacy.

        As “The seed cannot sprout upwards without simultaneously sending roots into the ground,” it’s important to uproot mis-education i.e. Politics is White, bi-annual, irrelevant and has an agenda.

        2. What do you think was the difference between a fearless Adam Clayton Powell and the cowardly representatives today?

        For his part, Adam Clayton Powell Jr. understands Philosophy. In the United African Movement, his “My Black Position Paper,” which he called his “Life’s Philosophy” was distributed. I made a copy and placed one on my wall. I do not often review it, but it shows that his loyalty to the African cause is foremost, unlike the representatives who are loyal to the Democrat’s cause.

        Here’s a copy of his position paper: http://caroltaylorword.blogspot.com/2007/02/my-black-position-paper.html

        Here’s another essay on him: http://www.uncg.edu/afs/faculty/omar_ali/ali_publications/REFERENCE%20ARTICLES/AdamClaytonPowellessay.pdf

        Another aspect of him is that he was a Minister of a the nation’s largest Black Congregation who nearly couldn’t be unseated. Of course he was unseated, but a Philosophy and the people’s support, along with charisma and abillity at Politics separates him above these representatives with their European Philosophies, a party loyal constituency, and an inability at Politics. All in all, we need Political Organization–because Democrats will drop you from the Party and Black Folk will vote Democrat without another Political Organization to inform them otherwise.

        3. Being White people, isn’t it possible that Jews even with their much smaller population, are not hindered nearly as much as Blacks? Would they have ever suffered a destruction such as “Black Wallstreet”? It seems the system is much more organized against Africans.

        An important aspect about this Government’s Laws is that all of them can be replaced. The classic example is Prohibition. A Majority of State Legislatures decided to Prohibit Alcohol, then they decided to allow Alcohol. In this respect, the mass sentiment isn’t as important as the sentiments of the Law Makers; and as long as African people are a significant force in a Legislature, they can attain beneficial legislation despite the dispositions of the other Law Makers–UNLESS their only issue is Black Oppression (this happened with the “Dixiecrats.”)

        But, for instance, on a national level, if a bee conservatory in Minnesota needs $330,000 to repair a facility damaged by a hurricane, African Lawmakers can tell the concerned European that they will support that “Pork” IF AND ONLY IF $500,000 goes to an organization in New York designed to teach advocacy law to underprivileged youth. Today, we obey the Democratic Party, so if the Democrats are for the bee conservatory we are for it and if against we are against it and we gain nothing from it. This is all to say that the conditions for Politics–where each Politician wants a victory–can sometimes overlook race if we play the game right.

        A clearer example is if one set of politicians get a lot of campaign funds from one business. Clearly when that business’ law needs support, that law needs to pass and the politicians receiving the funds will add any sort of amendment to make it pass–here’s where our politicians get something. Or even if the business comes to us, we can negotiate that we’ll accept their bill IF they add something beneficial and force the other politicans to support it–or else we don’t. More, if two competing businesses go for two competing political sets, we can position ourselves to vote according to which provides the better offer for us (then the other politicians will attempt to buy our vote with legislation–maybe even a better title).

        Of course, some people would rather lose their jobs, or lose tons of money to not advance the African cause. But some others wouldn’t and discerning this is part of the point of Politics. We only need to organize and put enough of our people into office and influence enough of their candidates to be ‘friendly’ (maybe making commercials for races we couldn’t otherwise mobilize in) and then we get more government grants and contracts, less police abuses (since we control their budget) and more justice (since we control this budget too.)

        On the question of Jews, they will tell you of Germany’s misdeeds toward them. For what it’s worth, much of Germany’s activities were by the law. What happened to Black Wallstreet was illegal; yet it shows how Economical Organization alone is not Liberational.

        Black WallStreet was Policed by Europeans. So when an African was arrested, and the Europeans said they would lynch the African, other Africans went to the jailhouse to defend him. The Policing Europeans disarmed the African defenders, so the Europeans, learning that the whole town was disarmed, went in and looted, bombed and destroyed it.

        Politics could have made African people police themselves, it could have made them able to defend the jailhouse, it could have made the European officers kill the European looters, it could have addressed the criminalization of African people, but none of that was present. Politics is a part of the Trinity of Liberation and we as a group are unaware of this Trinity.

        Any group can be hindered by Politics so much as they are without Political Organization. If–for instance–we went to war with a European state–that European people’s Political Organization will need to advocate for them, lest they can be harmed. There is a historical disdain for African people, but as Marcus Garvey said “The greatest weapon used against the Negro is Disorganization” and as we know, there is a greater historical admiration for African people. Until we are better organized, we can’t have victories. Organization is the take-away.

        I hope that this was sufficient. I welcome more questions.

  2. I mentor (hate to use that word) our young brothers and try to get them to understand the power of their bloodline but it seems to no avail. I am at a loss.

    Honorable Brother Kumat, I respect you, love you, and love all that you are doing. Your mentorship would be deeply appreciated.

    1. Brother,

      The respect and love is returned. Your kindness is very appreciated.

      There are many ways to reach young people. We should talk more privately on the subject. But generally, if we remember our youth and our interactions with young people, providing a physical space and a form of entertainment and/or positive valuation would likely reward our efforts.

      Today, young people go to European facilities to hang out (businesses, libraries or religious institutions) and seek entertainment or positive valuation through television, theatres, talking, and sometimes illegal activities [among other things.]

      Where I am. A Brooklyn Park had a Recreation Center that held a weekly course on spoken word wherein young people developed their writing skills with lessons from established artists–all on the city’s budget (That’s Politics). I accidentally attended and saw twenty young Africans having real fun talking amongst themselves. They were a normal set of young people–mainly ranging between 16 and 20. Such a course could have had visitors that mentored with our cultural legacy in mind, turning a normal set into advocates for our race (on the city’s budget, no less.) Interestingly, the Rec Center had a small library but the books were Pro-African–again–on the city’s budget.

      If you can manage to gather young people somewhere (even your living room if need be) and provide for them positive valuation through entertainment, for instance a film club that features our triumphant spirit or a drama club on liberation themes, your efforts will be rewarded. But I think ‘entertainment’ and ‘positive valuation’ are key. For some are easily bored and undervalued; so that which counters that will more likely be appreciated.

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